Hydrochloric Acid

15% – 32% Hydrochloric Acid Solution

HCl-StructureHydrochloric Acid (HCl) is a colourless to yellowish-green, clear corrosive liquid with a pungent, irritating odour.

It is completely soluble in water and Hydrochloric Acid gas mixed with water generate a violent exothermique reaction. Contact with most metals results in the formation of flammable hydrogen gas.

Hydrochloric Acid is used in numerous applications from water treatment to food processing. Qatar Vinyl Company’s (QVC) Hydrochloric Acid is produced at our petrochemical complex located in Mesaieed Industrial City (MIC), Mesaieed, Qatar.


  • Molecular Weight: 36.5g/mol
  • Boiling Point: 80°C(@conc.32%); 45C@conc.37%)
  • Freezing Point: -42°C(@conc.32%); -29°@onc.37%)
  • Vapor Pressure (at 20°C): 30hPa, at20°(Concentration:32%), 200hPa, at20°(Concentration:37%)
  • Liquid Density (Water = 1.0): 1.16 – 1.19kg/m3 (@20°C)
  • Vapor Density (Air = 1.0): 1.53kg/m3


The uses for hydrochloric acid are numerous and include steel pickling, corn syrup production, brine treatment, oil well acidizing, Calcium Chloride production as well as swimming pool treatment.

Handling and Storage

Hydrochloric Acid is corrosive. It should be stored away from oxidizing agents and alkaline materials in a cool, dry, ventilated place. Although stable under normal conditions, Hydrochloric Acid reacts with metals to form explosive and flammable hydrogen gas. Adding water to Hydrochloric Acid produces a violent, exothermic reaction.

When fighting fires or acid spills, proper protective clothing and respiratory equipment should be utilized and unprotected personnel should be moved upwind of the area. Large spills must be reported to the QVC Emergency No. 4476 5800. Disposal of spill material should be in accordance with Qatari regulations. .

Kindly refer to the QVC Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for more detailed information regarding the use, storage and safe handling of this product:

Material Safety Data Sheet